Were you looking for information about Cystic Fibrosis? Cystic fybrosis is a common misspelling of cystic fibrosis.
Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease of the mucus and sweat glands. It mainly affects the lungs, pancreas, liver, intestines, sinuses, and sex organs. In a person with the disease, an abnormal gene -- called the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene -- causes mucus to become thick and sticky. As a result of the disease, the stools become bulky; it may not be possible to get enough vitamins A, D, E, and K; and nutrients leave the body unused, which can cause malnourishment. A few other common symptoms include poor growth, dehydration, and frequent coughing with phlegm. Some babies with the condition have meconium ileus, a blockage of the intestine that occurs shortly after birth.
There are a number of tests that can be used to diagnose this illness, including:
- A sinus x-ray
- Lung function tests
- Genetic testing of a blood sample
- A chest x-ray.
Until the 1980s, most deaths from cystic fibrosis occurred in children and teenagers. However, with the improved treatments available today, people with the disease can live, on average, to be more than 35 years old.
(Click Cystic Fibrosis for more information about cystic fibrosis, including statistics on how often the disease occurs and more detail about its symptoms, as well as some other names for cystic fibrosis. You can also click on the links in the box to the right for more specific information.)